Over a third of world’s population burns solid fuel in inefficient stoves or open fires for cooking, heating, and other household energy needs. The resulting household air pollution causes substantial health burden in adults and children. Use of solid fuel and kerosene stoves impacts households in other ways, including risks of burns or injury and time spent collecting and processing fuel rather than on income generation. Improving access to and use of cleaner, more efficient household energy has the potential to deliver substantial health, environmental, and development gains. To achieve this potential, effective interventions and policies must take into account the broader macroeconomic, infrastructure, environmental, and behavioral factors that impact air pollution and household energy use. Read more about JPB Fellows Arku and Dickinson’s research.